DISTENDER – Developing Strategies by integrating mitigation, adaptation and participation to climate change risks


Roberto San José

CESAM Responsible researcher

Joana Cardoso Ferreira


Horizon Europe (HORIZON-CL5-2021-D1-01-05)


01/06/2023 - 30/11/2025

Funding for CESAM

220000 €

Total Funding

7003096 €

Funding Entity

European Commission (Grant agreement ID: 101056836)

Proponent Institution

Universidad Politecnica de Madrid (UPM), Spain

Participating Institutions

  • Universidade de Aveiro
  • Kai Kapodistriako Panepistimio Athinon (EL)
  • Fondazione Icons (IT)
  • Universitaet zu Koeln (DE)
  • Wageningen University (NL)
  • Itti Sp Zoo (PL)
  • Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universitaet Frankfurt am Main (DE)
  • Steinbeis 2i Gmbh (DE)
  • Adelphi Research Gemeinnutzige Gmbh (DE)
  • UK Centre For Ecology & Hydrology (UK)
  • Urbanisticni Institut Republike Slovenije (SI)
  • Fondazione Links - Leading Innovation & Knowledge for Society (IT)
  • DINAMIKA - IDEJA - PROSTOR, d.o.o., raziskovanje, projektiranje in inženiring, Ljubljana (SI)
  • RDA - Climate Solutions Unipessoal Lda (PT)
  • Universitaet Graz (AT)
  • Senior Europa Sociedad Limitada (ES)
  • Fundacion para la Investigacion del Clima (ES)
  • Universita Commerciale Luigi Bocconi (IT)
  • Municipal Institution City Institute UA
  • Citta' Metropolitana Di Torino (IT)
  • Miskolc Megyei Jogu Varos Onkormanyzata HU
  • Goriska Lokalna Energetska Agencija, Nova Gorica (SI)
  • Bundesministerium Fuer Klimaschutz, Umwelt, Energie, Mobilitaet, Innovation und Technologie (AT)
  • European Agroforestry Federation Association (FR), 26 Municipio de Guimaraes (PT)
  • Gdansk Miasto na Prawach Powiatu (PL)
  • Fundacio de la Comunitat Valenciana Observatori Valencia del Canvi Climatic (ES)
  • Smart Continent LT UAB (LT)
  • Stichting Hanzehogeschool Groningen (NL)
  • Ayuntamiento de Alcorcón (ES)



DISTENDER will provide integrated strategies by building a methodological framework that guide the integration of climate change (CC) adaptation and mitigation strategies through participatory approaches in ways that respond to the impacts and risks of CC, supported by quantitative and qualitative analysis that facilitates the understanding of interactions, synergies and trade-offs.
Holistic approaches to mitigation and adaptation must be tailored to the context-specific situation and this requires a flexible and participatory planning process to ensure legitimate and salient action, carried out by all important stakeholders. DISTENDER will develop a set of multi-driver qualitative and quantitative socio-economic-climate scenarios through a facilitated participatory process that integrates bottom-up knowledge and locally-relevant drivers with top-down information from the global European Shared Socioeconomic Pathways (SSPs) and downscaled Representative Concentration Pathways (RCPs) from IPCC. A cross-sectorial and multi-scale impact assessment modelling toolkit will be developed to analyse the complex interactions over multiple sectors, including an economic evaluation framework. The economic impact of the different efforts will be analyse, including damage claim settlement and how do sectoral activity patterns change under various scenarios considering indirect and cascading effects. It is an innovative project combining three key concepts: cross-scale, integration/harmonization and robustness checking.
DISTENDER will follow a pragmatic approach applying methodologies and toolkits across a range of European case studies (six core case studies and five followers) that reflect a cross-section of the challenges posed by CC adaptation and mitigation. The knowledge generated by DISTENDER will be offered by a Decision Support System (DSS) which will include guidelines, manuals, easy-to-use tools and experiences from the application of the cases studies.
CESAM team members lead tasks 5.1 and 5.3 devoted to air pollutants and GHG emissions estimation, air quality modelling and health impacts. They also contribute to task 7.2 with a cost-benefit analysis related to health impacts

CESAM members in the project